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America and Great Britain
Excerpts and photos used are from Nubian
History, America and Great Britain, Second Edition, Revised,
by Mrs. Robert M. Reinhardt and Alice Hall. Thanks to
Alice Hall for permission for reprinting the information,
photos, and material.
Early History Recap
The Nubian or Anglo-Nubian, is a man made breed. The
Nubian was created crossing the common English goat with
"exotic" bucks from Africa and India. The name Nubian is
associated with the long, droopy ears and convex nose of
this type of animal. It has nothing to do with the location
of where the animals was imported from.
The name "Nubian" originated in France. Three animals of
this type were imported into England before the English
begun their Nubian breeding program. Aida and Arabi Pasha
went to England from France in 1878, and Ali Baba followed
in 1891. It was thought that these early animals might be a
combination of Zaraibi and Syrian, and they did not play an
important role in the creation of the modern Nubian except
to contribute to their name.
The "recognized" Anglo-Nubian is dated from 1896 when Mr.
Sam Woodiwiss imported a young Jumma Pari he named Sedgemere
Chancellor from India. This buck and three other imports
were the "exotic" bucks which the Nubian breed evolved.
The Common English Goat was the kind of
doe the "exotic" bucks were crossed with to produce
the Anglo-Nubian. This doe, as a breed, was no
longer recognized after 1939. It was the influence
of this animal that put the word "Anglo" on the
name of the new Nubian Breed.
The Jumna Pari was the first of the
"exotic" bucks imported, in about 1896, to start
the breeding program towards the Anglo-Nubian. The
first buck of this breed imported, Sedgemere
Chancellor, was horned and did a lot to form the
Anglo-Nubian breed. Jumna Pari was bred for meat
and milk in India.
Mr. Woodiwiss imported another buck in 1904 he called
Sedgemere Sanger. This buck was of the Zaraibi type, as it
is seen below, & he was horned, also.
A Zaraibi, from Africa, is tall, rangy,
slender, & usually very undershot. The coat,
short & sleek except on the thighs, is any
color or combination of colors. The production is
said to have been quite high. 10-12 liters a day or
Also in 1904, Mr. Ravenscroft imported two bucks, one
horned, a Chitral and one horn less, breed unspecified. He
named them Bricket Cross and Bricket Zoo. Bricket Cross the
Chitral, was probably the most successful of the four
imports and influenced the new breed the most. Bricket Cross
won several awards, including the British Goat Society
"Best Stud Goat" award.
Some facts on the Anglo-Nubian in England
The Chitral, such as the one pictured on
the right, contributed greatly to the Nubian breed
through the powerful impact of Bricket Cross.
The early Nubian in England, along with everything
else expected of it, was suppose to produce
adequate milk at from four to ten percent
- In 1919, the registry
began in England, This is when the breed was
- In 1911,
modifications were made to the standards.
- In 1913, the
standards were again modified.
- In 1933 a rule
against horned or disbudded animals was a
hardship on the Nubian breed.
Only four imported goats, all
males, have been recognized by the British
Goat Society as Nubians, two of these
coming from India.
The descriptions of these goats, as
contained in the Herd Book, are as
No. 1 Sedgemere Chancellar. Nubian
(Jumna Pari) Horned, Imported 1896
No. 2 Sedgemere Sangar. Nubian
(Zaraiby) Horned. Imported 1904.
No. 3 Bricket Cross. Nubian
(Chitral) Horned. Imported 1904.
No. 4 Bricket Zoo. Nubian.
Hornless. Imported 1904.
The early Nubian was expected to grow very large and fast
and for that reason especially bucks were used for draft
English Breed Standards
Nubians In America
- Short coat of any color as long as it had no white
streaks on the side of the face, as those markings were
thought to indicate Swiss blood.
- The early Nubian could be horn less or have small
horns that curved out and down rather then up.
- Young animals were to be plump and meaty, and the
head and ears were described as they are today, except
that the muzzle was to be tapered.
Some facts on the Anglo-Nubian in
- Nubian -type goats imported as early as 1896, most of
these had no impact on the Nubian breed we know
- Ramses II was one of the animals imported into
Virginia is 1902, but he was only used on Saanen does, so
he was lost to the breed.
- In 1906 Anglo -Nubians that had been imported
were lost due to AMGRA entering them into the herdbooks
on the basis of pedigree rather then breed, so none were
registered here as Nubians.
- The 1909 importation by Mr. J.R. Gregg of
California of three animals, buck Holly Lodge Shingle,
and does Wigmore Brownie and Wigmore Pansy actually
formed a nucleus from which Nubians in America
- In 1913 Mr. Gregg brought in another buck,
Scriventon Bellerphone and another doe Luxor Butane.
- Between 1909 and 1918, Anglo was dropped from
the name and 40 were registered as Purebred Nubian by the
In 1917, Major D.C. Mowat took five
Anglo-Nubians into British Columbia, Canada. The
bucks were Harborough Volunteer and Edenbrook
Cyrus, a pure white horn less sire of many fine
Purebred Nubians, including Spring Beauty (AR#7).
The first Nubian to qualify for an AR
There were many more imports that influenced the Nubian as
we know it today and the following pages will elaborate more
on the individual herds and animals.
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